reduction of alcohol to alkane oil

The Cytochrome P450 Enzyme CYP96A15 Is the Midchain

Most aerial surfaces of plants are covered by cuticular wax that is synthesized in epidermal cells The wax mixture on the inflorescence stems of Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) is dominated by alkanes secondary alcohols and ketones all thought to be formed sequentially in the decarbonylation pathway of wax biosynthesis Here we used a reverse-genetic approach to identify a cytochrome

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Oxidation

Learn Oxidation-Reduction with free interactive flashcards Choose from 500 different sets of Oxidation-Reduction flashcards on Quizlet Log in Sign up Oxidation-Reduction Flashcards Browse 500 sets of Oxidation-Reduction flashcards Advanced 7 Terms zalangray Oxidation and Reduction Oxidation Reduction Oxidation number (state) OIL RIG = gain of oxygen or loss of electrons = loss of

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Genome and proteome of long

The complete genome sequence of Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2 a thermophilic bacillus isolated from a deep oil reservoir in Northern China consists of a 3 550 319-bp chromosome and a 57 693-bp plasmid The genome reveals that NG80-2 is well equipped for adaptation into a wide variety of environmental niches including oil reservoirs by possessing genes for utilization of a broad

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Amine synthesis by reductive amination (reductive alkylation)

An efficient directed reductive amination of β-hydroxy-ketones allows the stereoselective preparation of 1 3-syn-amino alcohols using Ti(iOPr) 4 for coordination of the intermediate imino alcohol and PMHS as the reducing agent D Menche F Arikan J Li S Rudolph Org Lett 2007 9 267-270

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Alkanes preparing reactions physical properties

Alkanes are also introduced as Paraffin Many of fuels are alkane such as petrol diesel LP gas kerosene Paraffin and more All of those fuels are come through petroleum industry There are single bonds between carbon atoms in alkanes Alkanes are less reactive than alkenes and alkynes

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Alkene

Reduction of alkynes is a useful method for the stereoselective synthesis of disubstituted alkenes If the cis-alkene is desired hydrogenation in the presence of Lindlar's catalyst (a heterogeneous catalyst that consists of palladium deposited on calcium carbonate and treated with various forms of lead) is commonly used though hydroboration

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Oxidation

Learn Oxidation-Reduction with free interactive flashcards Choose from 500 different sets of Oxidation-Reduction flashcards on Quizlet Log in Sign up Oxidation-Reduction Flashcards Browse 500 sets of Oxidation-Reduction flashcards Advanced 7 Terms zalangray Oxidation and Reduction Oxidation Reduction Oxidation number (state) OIL RIG = gain of oxygen or loss of electrons = loss of

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Alkane

The alkanes have two main commercial sources: petroleum (crude oil) and natural gas An alkyl group is an alkane-based molecular fragment that bears one open valence for bonding They are generally abbreviated with the symbol for any organyl group R although Alk is sometimes used to specifically symbolize an alkyl group (as opposed to an

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Alkane Facts for Kids

Crude oil is a natural resource a thick black fluid found by drilling underground Crude oil is a mixture of alkanes of different chain length - composed of different numbers of carbon atoms Fractional distillation is the method used to separate the different hydrocarbons in crude oil used to get a purer sample of a single alkane

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Alkane

The number of carbon atoms is used to define the size of the alkane (e g C 2-alkane) An alkyl group generally abbreviated with the symbol R is a functional group or side-chain that like an alkane consists solely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms for example a methyl or ethyl group

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New Pathway for Long

No precedent so far has been detected for the reduction of an alcohol to aldehyde in living organisms for alkane biosynthesis On the other hand the reverse pathway in which an alcohol is produced from an alkane has been reported for several bacteria (5 10 11 14)

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14 5: Reactions of Alcohols

The overall type of reaction is the same as that in the conversion of isopropyl alcohol to acetone Tertiary alcohols (R 3 COH) are resistant to oxidation because the carbon atom that carries the OH group does not have a hydrogen atom attached but is instead bonded to other carbon atoms The oxidation reactions we have described involve the formation of a carbon-to-oxygen double bond

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Amine synthesis by reductive amination (reductive alkylation)

An efficient directed reductive amination of β-hydroxy-ketones allows the stereoselective preparation of 1 3-syn-amino alcohols using Ti(iOPr) 4 for coordination of the intermediate imino alcohol and PMHS as the reducing agent D Menche F Arikan J Li S Rudolph Org Lett 2007 9 267-270

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Carboxylic acid reductase is a versatile enzyme for the

Aliphatic hydrocarbons such as fatty alcohols and petroleum-derived alkanes have numerous applications in the chemical industry In recent years the renewable synthesis of aliphatic hydrocarbons has been made possible by engineering microbes to overaccumulate fatty acids However to generate end products with the desired physicochemical properties (e g fatty aldehydes alkanes and

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Functional Groups

Functional Groups Bromine reacts with 2-butene to form 2 3-dibromobutane It also reacts with 3-methyl-2-pentene to form 2 3-dibromopentane Instead of trying to memorize both equations we can build a general rule that bromine reacts with compounds that contain a C=C double bond to give the product expected from addition across the double bond

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Genome and proteome of long

The complete genome sequence of Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2 a thermophilic bacillus isolated from a deep oil reservoir in Northern China consists of a 3 550 319-bp chromosome and a 57 693-bp plasmid The genome reveals that NG80-2 is well equipped for adaptation into a wide variety of environmental niches including oil reservoirs by possessing genes for utilization of a broad

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Hydrogenation of Alkenes with NaBH4 CH3CO2H Pd/C in

NaBH4 CH3CO2H Pd/C has been described as an effective reagent system to hydrogenate alkenes Here we show that the hydrogenation occurs chemoselectively making it possible to hydrogenate alkenes under Pd/C catalysis with hydrogen created in situ without O- or N-debenzylation

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Alkenes: Introduction

Worldwide production in 1977 amounted to about 88 million metric tons second in tonnage after sulfuric acid Ethene is produced from natural gas and crude oil by cracking It is used as feedstock for many chemical products such as polyethylene vinyl chloride styrene ethanol acetaldehyde and many more

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The Cytochrome P450 Enzyme CYP96A15 Is the Midchain

mah1-2 secondary alcohol and ketone levels were reduced to 71% and 25% of the wild-type loads respectively but these reductions were not as severe as those seen in mah1-1 At the same time the mah1-2 mutant also had alkane coverage increased above that of

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GCSE Crude Oil

As part of their work on crude oil GCSE chemistry students will look at thermal cracking This is a chemical reaction in which heat breaks down long chain molecules into smaller ones How exactly does it work and why is it useful? Revise what you learned in Year 10 and Year 11 in this exciting quiz

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Oxidation of Organic Molecules by KMnO4

Introduction Of all the oxidizing agents discussed in organic chemistry textbooks potassium permanganate KMnO 4 is probably the most common and also the most applicable As will be shown below KMnO 4 can be utilized to oxidize a wide range of organic molecules The products that are obtained can vary depending on the conditions but because KMnO 4 is such a strong oxidizing agent

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New Pathway for Long

Alkane biosynthesis in the bacterium Vibrio furnissii M1 involves the synthesis of long-chain alkanes via 1-alcohol Evidence for this novel pathway are the following (i) Both even- and odd-carbon-number n-alkanes were produced from glucose while only even-carbon-number fatty acids were produced in V furnissii M1 This result cannot be explained by the decarbonylation pathway

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Alkene

Reduction of alkynes is a useful method for the stereoselective synthesis of disubstituted alkenes If the cis-alkene is desired hydrogenation in the presence of Lindlar's catalyst (a heterogeneous catalyst that consists of palladium deposited on calcium carbonate and treated with various forms of lead) is commonly used though hydroboration

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